Internet sleuths say this man bares a passing resemblance to Robin Gunningham, widely suspected of being the man behind Banksy.
Internet sleuths say this man bares a passing resemblance to Robin Gunningham, widely suspected of being the man behind Banksy.

Has Banksy been unmasked?

WHILE a packed room full of art lovers watched the bidding climb for the coveted piece Girl With Balloon, it seems its famed but mysterious artist was watching on too.

Speculation is growing that Banksy, the world-famous guerrilla artist whose identity remains unknown, was sitting in the Sotheby's auction in London on Saturday.

And it could just be that it was he who remotely triggered a shredder built into the frame of the iconic piece, just as the hammer fell on its £1.042 million ($A1.9 million) sale.

For a moment, there was confusion as a loud alarm began to sound and the 2006 stencilled spray paint artwork slid halfway down through the razored jaws of the shredder.

But it was quickly evident that one of the art world's most fascinating figures had orchestrated his most daring and brilliant stunt yet.

"It appears we just got Banksy-ed," Alex Branczik, Sotheby's director of contemporary art in Europe, said.

 

Banksy's Girl With Balloon (2006) self-destructed at the end of a Sotheby's auction. Picture: Instagram @banksy
Banksy's Girl With Balloon (2006) self-destructed at the end of a Sotheby's auction. Picture: Instagram @banksy

Initial concern for the unlucky new owner of the piece soon evaporated, as art experts tipped the half-destroyed work was probably now worth more.

"The successful bidder was a private collector, bidding through a Sotheby's staff member on the phone. We are in discussions about next steps," the auction house said in a statement.

It is widely accepted that Banksy's street art career began in the early 1990s in Bristol in the United Kingdom, as part of the local DryBeadz graffiti crew.

Early in that decade, he is said to have met local photographer Steve Lazarides, who began selling his prints and eventually became his manager up until 2008.

By the year 2000, Banksy had adopted his now-signature style of stencilling and his works became widely known in Bristol and London.

 

One of Banksy’s works on the Israeli West Bank wall.
One of Banksy’s works on the Israeli West Bank wall.

 

Another Banksy mural, depicting a workman chipping away at one of the stars on a European Union. Picture: Getty
Another Banksy mural, depicting a workman chipping away at one of the stars on a European Union. Picture: Getty

 

Palestinian youths next to a wall painted by English graffiti artist Banksy in the West Bank city of Bethlehem.
Palestinian youths next to a wall painted by English graffiti artist Banksy in the West Bank city of Bethlehem.

He has made his marks on cities around the world with politically themed paintings.

From travelling to Palestinian territories and creating large-scale murals on the Israeli West Bank wall to painting an elephant for a live event in Los Angeles to highlight world poverty, he has been prolific and controversial

In 2005, he orchestrated one of his first major stunts - hanging a canvas of a 19th century heroine wearing a gas mask on the wall of the Metropolitan Museum in New York.

A year later, he released an inflatable doll dressed as a Guantánamo Bay prisoner at Disneyland in California.

He held multiple exhibitions in the UK and US throughout the 2000s and his profile rose after celebrities began snapping up his pieces.

Suddenly, Banksy works were fetching tens of thousands of pounds at renowned auction houses and the mysterious street artist was world famous.

 

A shadowy figure purported to be Banksy in a scene from the film Exit Through The Gift Shop.
A shadowy figure purported to be Banksy in a scene from the film Exit Through The Gift Shop.

Other major or notorious undertakings included Dismaland, a large-scale installation poking fun at Disneyland, and an opening sequence for The Simpsons.

In 2010, the documentary Exit Through The Gift Shop premiered and was a global sensation, earning an Oscar nomination and placing further pressure on Banksy's anonymity.

Despite his success and growing prominence, Banksy has managed to keep his identity a closely guarded secret.

Some people are aware of who he is - associates and fellow artists - but have proven to be fiercely loyal to his wishes to stay a secret.

In 2008, the name Richard Gunningham was the first to emerge as a strong possible candidate to be the artist's identity.

Researchers at Queen Mary University in London concluded that Gunningham was likely to be the art legend, although the man himself denied it.

"I'd be surprised if it's not (Gunningham)," Steve Le Comber, one of the scientists, said to the BBC at the time.

 

Internet sleuths say this man bares a passing resemblance to Robin Gunningham, widely suspected of being the man behind Banksy.
Internet sleuths say this man bares a passing resemblance to Robin Gunningham, widely suspected of being the man behind Banksy.

In 2017, Bristol DJ Goldie seemed to slip up during an interview and name Massive Attack member Robert Del Naja as Banksy.

However it was years before that rumours about Del Naja began to swirl when Banksy works popped up in cities where Massive Attack were touring at the same time.

He dismissed the speculation, saying that he's friends with Banksy though.

Some in the art world have even speculated that there is no Banksy - or rather, no one artist, but a collective of like-minded thinkers who each take turns being him.

Various grainy pictures and video clips purporting to show Banksy in the act have surfaced over the years, but no clear conclusion has been reached as to his identity.

Yesterday, Banksy posted a video on his Instagram account explaining how he installed the shredder in the frame without anyone knowing.

The clip shows him placing the blade and later cuts to footage shot inside the auction room of the moment the shredder does its job.

Internet sleuths located another image of the incident, showing a man with a camera phone videoing it. His screen is visible and that angle is similar to one in footage in Banksy's video.

 

A mystery man films the aftermath of a Banksy work shredding itself after being sold at auction.
A mystery man films the aftermath of a Banksy work shredding itself after being sold at auction.

Or is it a man sitting in the audience, a big grin on his face, as has been speculated in British press? The image, taken from a screenshot of footage, bares a passing resemblance to Gunningham, but the artist's spokesperson denied it is him.

Or perhaps Banksy sent an associate to press the button on the shredder remote when it sold?

"A man dressed in black sporting sunglasses and a hat was seen scuffling with security guards near the entrance to Sotheby's shortly after the incident," Art Newspaper also reported.

Whoever is behind Banksy's artworks, they continue to garner plenty of attention and an ever-increasing amount of money when sold.

 

Banksy works, like Monkey Queen, continue to be widely appreciated — and sought after.
Banksy works, like Monkey Queen, continue to be widely appreciated — and sought after.

 

When Forbes magazine estimated Banksy's personal wealth at around £14 million ($A26 million), he responded with regret, saying he wished his works were worthless.

After Saturday's stunt, he borrowed a quote from Picasso and wrote on Instagram: "The urge to destroy is also a creative urge."


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